List of Baha'i Communities (congregations) in Utah: | Aneth Chapter (Navajo Reservation) | Bluffdale | Bountiful | Cedar City | Cedar Hills | Centerville | Cottonwood Heights | Draper | Eagle Mountain | Farmington | Holladay | Iron County | Kanab | Layton | Lehi | Logan | Midvale | Millcreek | Moab | Murray | North Logan | North Ogden | Ogden | Orem | Park City | Provo | Red Mesa Chapter | Riverton | Salt Lake City | Salt Lake County (East Mill Creek) | San Juan County | Sandy | Saratoga Springs | Smithfield | South Ogden | South Salt Lake | Springville | St. George | Sugard | Summit County | Syracuse | Taylorsville | Uintah And Ouray Reservation | Washington | West Jordan | West Valley City | Woods Cross |

*A "Baha'i Community" (congregation) has an average of 20 to 30 adults plus their children. Baha'i Communities in large cities (London, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, etc.) can have thousands of members, or as little as nine members (and their children). As of 2019, there are about 180,000 Baha'is in the U.S. and about 1200 in Utah.

Holy Shrine of The Báb. Baha'i World Centre. Haifa, Israel


This website is a private website and not an official website of any of the Baha'i Communities of Utah. The subject of Joseph Smith and Mormonism, in relation to the Baha'i Faith, is discussed in Part II.


This introduction is longer than most Baha'i internet introductions to the Faith. This is because this website seeks to answer many of the questions a Seeker will have, but will usually only discover very gradually as they study the Baha'i Faith. This website thereby will "save" the Seeker (Investigator) a lot of time (months or even years) and effort, in their quest to get a grasp of what the Faith is and what it teaches on a number of important subjects. A "nutshell" overview of the Faith is as follows:

*There are about 5 to 6 million Baha'is (followers of Baha'u'llah) in the world today, about 170,000 or so in the U.S., and about 1200 in Utah (about 40% or so active).

*Accepts most Founders of the world religions as true Prophets (not all who claimed to be Prophets were true Prophets). The Prophets accepted by Baha'is as "true" include (but are not limited to) Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Krishna, Buddha, Jesus, Muhammad, The Báb, and Baha'u'llah.

*Accepts a form of "guided Evolution" where Mankind was always a distinct species, but once lived in the ocean, one walked on all fours, once lived in the trees, and developed over time like the fetus in the womb develops over time.

*Views Baha'u'llah (Baha'i Founder) as a "Manifestation of God the Father" (like Buddha or Krishna), the "Return" of Christ (in some mystical sense), the promised Spirit of Truth, the Holy Ghost in the flesh, the latest, but not final, Messenger of God to Humanity.

*Views Christ (Baha'is rarely if ever refer to Christ as "Jesus") as a Manifestation of God in the "spiritual station" of the Son, the Jewish Messiah, miraculously conceived of the Holy Spirit (not ALLAH), born of a literal virgin, died for atonement of the sins of all mankind. However, His literal physical resurrection and ascension is denied and viewed as non-historical "parables" (discussed further below). His miracles are admitted as "possible" but down-played.

*Has no "mandatory" meetings that one "must" attend. Has a Feast every 19 days (usually in the evening). Has a one-hour Sunday Devotional which, again, is voluntary. Ties, suits, and dresses are not required at Baha'i meetings, but clean modest clothing is required. Again, no Baha'i meeting is "required". They are all optional (except for Pilgrimage to the Baha'i Holy Shrines, once in a person's lifetime).

*Smoking is allowed, but the use of alcohol in any amount is not allowed.

*Teaches the doctrine of "Eternal Union" (eternal marriage) for Baha'i couples who become "one" both physically and spiritually. No temple sealing needed.

*Has no Priesthood, but an Administrative Order that both men and women serve in (except for the highest council called The Universal House of Justice which is all male).

*Forbids (prohibits) the use of alcohol, sex in any form outside of heterosexual marriage, open marriages, plural marriages, adultery, fornication, abortion as a means of birth-control, gay marriage, and "liwat" (sodomy).

*Forbids (prohibits) engaging in political protests, partisan politics (voting in elections is allowed), marrying again before a Year of Waiting (separation where there is no sex or dating), debating religion (no "Bible Bashing"), and no use of pressure of any kind in religious conversion.

*Teaches the reality of the Afterlife, and three heavenly "Kingdoms" (Lahoot, Jabarroot, Malakoot), attained by the Mystical Traveler who walks the Path of Holiness daily (explained below).

*Has no obligatory meetings, but has a Daily Obligatory Prayer, daily Zikr ("Remembrance" of God, which is a chant), and obligations to keep the Baha'i Holy Days.

*Has voluntary meetings such as the "Feast" which is informal (no suits or ties needed) every 19 days (the Baha'i year has 19 months of 19 days each), and also "Sunday Devotionals" which are also informal, and completely voluntary.
*Most Baha'i Communities (congregations) have about 9 to 20 active adults, and their children. A person must be at least 15 years old to "declare" themselves a Baha'i.
*Most Baha'i communities are small, meet in each other's living rooms for Feast, and Sunday Devotional, and sit in a circle facing each other, for the Opening Prayer (there is no Closing Prayer), which is read from the Baha'i Prayer Book, and then they discuss "Community issues" (i.e. congregational issues), then they may sing a brief Baha'i hymn. Then they will usually discuss one of the 10,11,12, or 13 (there are different lists) of the Baha'i Principles, then they will have Feast (very small simple meal with coffee, tea, soda, punch, or water) and socialize while they eat. Then the host will say "Thank you all for coming out to the Feast" and then people leave.
*Some Baha'i Communities in the big cities (New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, etc.) are so large (hundreds and in a few cases several thousand people) they have to meet in multiple different locations, since the Baha'i Centers are not big enough to accommodate more than at most 100 people. Baha'is meet on the first day of the Baha'i month (there are 19 months) for Feast (which are for Baha'is and their children only).
*Every Baha'i Community (congregation) is divided by city, county, township, or "judicial district" lines, and cannot cross those political lines. Most Baha'i Communities (congregations) in North America are small, and meet in each other's homes for Feast every 19 days. Some Baha'i Communities are large, with hundreds (in some cases thousands) of members, and they own or rent large "Baha'i Centers". Other Baha'i Communities have smaller "Centers" but are not very large (perhaps 30 to 50 active adults and children). A man or woman must be at least 15 to be a Baha'i.
*Baha'is are not supposed to "force" or pressure their children to "declare" themselves Baha'is at 15, but some do (especially in Iran). Baha'is are supposed to allow their children to choose their own religion, or no religion, and "respect" that decision of their children. This is called "Independent Investigation of Truth". This Baha'i Principal is not always kept by Baha'is.
*Baha'i Houses of Worship are large ornate buildings with massive vaulted high-domed ceilings where the Baha'i Holy Texts are "recited" in Arabic by a Reciter, which sounds almost like a song. These are places for deep meditation, while listening to the Recited Verses. No secret rites take place in Baha'i "Temples" as they are sometimes called. There are only about 10 Baha'i "Houses of Worship" in the world at this time. The North American Baha'i Temple is in Wilmette, Illinois, just north of Chicago. Here is one example:

Any Verses from the Baha'i Holy Texts may be recited in a Baha'i "House of Worship" but only in Arabic! The above chant "Allah'O'Abhaa" is the Zikr (Arabic: "Remembrance") which every Baha'i is required to chant daily 95 times as part of the Baha'i "Path of Holiness" (i.e. a practice which increases the spiritual level of the soul). In Islam, Reciters must be male, but, in the Baha'i Faith, Reciters can be male or female, but they must recite the Holy Verse in Arabic. The Quran and Bible verses may also be recited, but only in Arabic.

*Has no tithing nor any tithing settlement. Donations to Baha'i Funds are voluntary (including the Haququllah payment) and the amount is determined by the giver in all cases "except" for the voluntary "Right of God" payment which is called "Haq'u'llah" (haw-goog-goo-law). Baha'is do not believe they receive earthly material "blessings" (protection in travel, protection from disease, protection from financial failure, healthy well-behaved children, etc.) in return for their tithing (10% of income) payment to the Church. Baha'is donate to the "Cause of God" (as they call it) because they love the Baha'i Faith and want it to spread around the globe.
*No confessions to priests or bishops nor any confessions to other sinful men or women (to God alone). There are Baha'i Prayers of Confession, which are supposed to be recited (read alound) in private. No "worthiness" interviews.
*Has an obligatory Pilgrimage to the Baha'i Holy Shrines in Israel for all those who can afford to go at least one time, are not pregnant nor nursing, are not sick, poor, or incapacitated.

*Has no doctrine of earthly "Blessings" received in return for paying tithing or attending meetings or obeying human leaders.

*Has no water baptism, no ordinations, no priesthood, no religious orders, no Sacrament (Eucharist), no confessionals. Gospel Ordinances center upon the Son (Christ). The Baha'i Faith was founded by the Father, the Spirit of Truth, and emphasis is on the "Father" instead of the Son (Christ) although the Son (Christ) is acknowledged as the Savior of the soul, Messiah, and "Son" of the Holy Spirit (not the Son of ALLAH, but the Son of the Holy Spirit).

*Has no priests, pastors, bishops, nor any "living prophets" as leaders. There is no priesthood of any kind. The priesthood is like a strict British boy's school. Once you graduate the boy's school and become a man, there is no reason to return to the boy's school. The "boy's school" was just a preparation, and not an "end" in itself. The Faith has an Administrative Order (A.O.) but that is NOT priesthood, and both men and women can serve in the A.O. (but only men on the Universal House of Justice).
*Has no secret temple rites. Baha'i Houses of Worship are to listen to the echoed (thus the high domed ceilings) "Recitals" of the male or female Reciters, and meditate. This activity increases the spiritual level of the soul (the soul has seven spiritual levels which are compared to "valleys"). No Baha'i "must" attend a Baha'i House of Worship, but all Baha'is MUST go on Pilgrimage to the Holy Shrines in Haifa and Akka, Israel, if they can afford it, and are able physically to do it.
*Does not officially recognize Joseph Smith as a Prophet (some Baha'is believe, as their personal belief, that he was a "Seer"--explained in Part II).

*Views "Satan" as not a person nor a fallen angel but as the "symbol" of the "ego/self" in all of us (i.e. the symbol of man's selfish promptings). Satan is the "ego" or "self" (Arabic: "nafs") in us all.

*Emphasizes 10,11,12, or 13 "Baha'i Principles" such as as One God, independent investigation of truth (our religion not determined by our parents, or clan, or tribe, or government but ourselves only which is a radical thought in most countries), equality of men and women, elimination of prejudices of all kinds, universal education for both genders, universal justice, universal auxiliary language (Esperanto), etc.
The ultimate goal of the Baha'i Faith is Universal lasting World Peace based upon a one-world Baha'i World State; based upon these 10, 11, 12, or 13 Baha'i Principles, and the Holy Writings of Baha'u'llah and the Directives (signed letters) of Shoghi Effendi (the Guardian of the Cause of God who died in London in 1957).

A Brief History of the Faith

*About 650 A.D., the Prophet Muhammad foretold of the coming of "The Rightly Guided Leader" (Imaam Mihdih or Mahdih) who would guide the Muslims in the latter-days. He would be a descendant of Muhammad and "rise" (Arabic: "Qa'im") in the last days. He would prepare the way for the Return of Jesus. Muslims believe that Muhammad (pbuh) is the "Seal" of the Prophets, the final and last Prophet for all time. However, they believe that the Prophet Jesus will return in the future. Shi'ite (shee-ite) Muslims, found mostly in Iran, southern Iraq, Bahrain, and a few other places, expect the Imam Mihdih (or "Mahdih") to "rise" and prepare the way for the Return of Jesus.

*In the 1830s and 1840s, Shi'ite Muslim "Seers" in Iraq and Iran foretold that the Qa'im (Riser) would appear in the year 1260 A.H. (1843-44 A.D.).

*In 1843-44, a Muslim in Shiraz, Iran (Persian) proclaimed to be the Qa'im (Riser). His name was Siyyid Ali Muhammad. He was called "THE GATE" (Al-Báb). Baha'is refer to Him as "The Báb".

*The Báb gathered tens of thousands of followers, but He was persecuted for being a heretic (false Mihdih) and executed in 1850 in Tabriz, Iran. Over 20,000 of His followers were killed, and other exiled to Baghdad, Iraq. A miracle happened at the martyrdom of The Báb in Tabriz, Iran, in 1850.

*The Báb foretold One Who would come after Him Who was greater, called "He Whom God Shall Make Manifest".

*One of the followers of The Báb, Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri (mir-zuh hoo-sein al-lee noor-ree), proclaimed He was "He Whom God Shall Make Manifest" in 1863, in Baghdad. He took the name-time of BAHA'U'LLAH ("The Glory of God"). Most accepted Him. He was exiled to Turkey, and then finally to the Turkish prison city of Akka, Palestine. Baha'u'llah was not a criminal, but a political prisoner because He was the leader of what Muslims considered to be a heretic sect.

*Baha'u'llah claimed that Jesus, the Spirit of God, had "returned in My Person".

*The followers of Baha'u'llah became known as the BAHA'IS (baw-highzz).

*Baha'u'llah wrote thousands of Tablets (letters) in Arabic and Farsi (Persian). He appointed His eldest Son as His successor and the new leader of the Baha'is.

*Baha'u'llah claimed to be the Spirit of Truth, the Manifestation of God the Father on Earth. He did not claim to be immmortal. He died in 1892, and was buried near Akka. He referred to the Baha'i Faith as "The Faith of God" and "The Crimson Ark" and "My Celestial Kingdom".

*The Eldest Son of Baha'u'llah, named Abbas Effendi, took the name-title of 'Abdu'l-Baha ("Servant of Glory") and commanded the Baha'is. In 1911, He visited Paris, then London, then New York City, then Montreal, then Chicago, then Salt Lake City, then Portland, then Los Angeles, then Washington D.C., and then He returned to Haifa, Palestine (as it was then a part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire). He wrote hundreds of Tablets (letters). Baha'is refer to Him as "THE MASTER". He is not considered to be a Manifestation of God, but that He has "a unique station" between Manifestation of God and ordinary human being. His teachings inspired Mohandas Ghandi (whose teachings inspired Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.). He is reported to have prophesied of World War I, the Atomic Bomb, and worked some supernatural miracles. He died in Haifa, Palestine, in 1921.

*The successor of 'Abdu'l-Baha was His eldest grandson, Shoghi Effendi (1897-1957), who became "Guardian" of the Baha'i Faith. He is considered a normal human being, but he was probably a Seer who prophesied of the Holocaust (by that term) years before it occurred, and also seemed to have "seen" the coming of the Internet and also a "Great Calamity" that shall occur in the future which shall kill a third of mankind. He wrote many letters called "Directives" which guided the Baha'is under his death in 1957.

*The successor of Shoghi Effendi was a council of 9 elected men called "The Universal House of Justice" commonly known as "The House". This does not refer to a building, but to a council of nine men. None of them claim to be prophets, nor seers, nor revelators. They are simply well-educated Baha'is with long histories of service to the Faith. They are elected every five years. They are not prophets, nor seers, nor revelators. They are simply administrators. They are guided by the Holy Tablets of Baha'u'llah and 'Abdu'l-Baha, as well as the Directives (signed letters) of the Guardian Shoghi Effendi.

THE BAHA'I FAITH is an independent World Religion with over six million Believers in over 120 countries. There are about 170,000 Baha'is (baw-highzz) in the U.S., and about 1000 in Utah (mostly in the greater Salt Lake City area). The Baha'i Faith is not a "church" but a world religion: like Islam, or Buddhism, or Christianity. The Baha'i Revelation is considered the most recent, but not last, Revelation of God to mankind.

The Glory of God

Baha'is believe that Baha'u'llah (born Mirza Husein-Ali Nuri in Iran in 1817) is....

*The Spirit of Truth in the flesh
*The Holy Ghost incarnate
*The Supreme Manifestation of God on the Father on this planet.
*The World Teacher
*The Messenger of God for Our Age
*The Promised One
*The Holy Spirit of Promise
*The Heavenly Father in the flesh

Baha'is refer to Baha'u'llah as "Baha'u'llah" (Arabic: "The Glory of God") or "The Blesséd Beauty" or "The Ancient Beauty" or "The Blesséd Perfection". They sometimes refer to Him as "The Manifestation of the Father" and "The Messenger of God for our Age".

Baha'u'llah was born as Mirza Husayn-Ali Nuri (Arabic: "Prince Beauty-Exalted of Light") in the year 1817 in Tehran, Iran (Persia). He was the Son of a Persian nobleman. He was a direct descendant of King David via Bostanai (a Jew of the family of David who lived in Iraq in the 7th century A.D.) and his Persian concubine Darah.

Mirza Husayn-Ali later became a follower of The Báb (the Gate of God), a Persian prophet Who was martyred for "blasphemy" in 1850. In 1863, in Baghdad, Iraq, He took the title "Baha'u'llah" (Arabic: The Glory of God). He was thrown into prison for four months in 1853, in Iran. That is when "The Maid of Heaven" (a female angelic being) appeared to Him and told Him He was the "Promised One". He later was exiled to Baghdad, then to Turkey, and finally to the prison city of Akka, Palestine. He was released from Akka in 1878, and proclaimed that He was the promised "Spirit of Truth" in 1891, on the slopes of Mount Carmel, in Haifa, Palestine (now Israel). He died in 1892, in Bahji (near Akka), Palestine. His burial place is the Most Holy Shrine, which Baha'is pray towards (as Muslims prayer towards Mecca) and visit on Baha'i Holy Pilgrimage.

Baha'is believe that Baha'u'llah is the Holy Ghost in the flesh, the promised Spirit of Truth, the Manifestation of God the Father on Earth. They believe He was the latest, but not last, "Manifestation of God" on this planet.

The Sent Ones

Baha'is accept the existence of the following "kinds" of Sent Ones:

Manifestations of God (Perfect Men, sinless and infallible, Major and minor Prophets). The Names and Attributes of ALLAH in the flesh.

The Exemplar (the Eldest Son of Baha'u'llah has a "unique station" as "The Exemplar" meaning the "example to follow" which is a "unique station" between "Prophet" and "ordinary human being"). 'Abdu'l-Baha died in 1921. Baha'is refer to Him often as "The Master". 'Abdu'l-Baha briefly visited Salt Lake City in late September, 1912.

Chosen Ones (ordinary sinful and infallible human beings who achieved the highest "station" of spirituality in life that a human being can achieve: those who have "died in God" and been "born again" and thus achieve the station of "Saint" in this life)

The Guardian (the Eldest great-grandson of 'Abdu'l-Baha, named Shoghi Effendi, who was an ordinary human being but his signed letters called "Directives" are considered infallible guidance for Baha'is). Shoghi Effendi died in 1957.

Seers (ordinary "sinful and fallible" human beings who nevertheless have "true visions"). The Baha'i Holy Writings names two Seers (Shaykh Ahmad-i-Asa'i and Siyyid Kazim Rashti) but alludes to the existence of many more unnamed Seers. In Baha'i terms, a "Prophet" is a Perfect Man, sinless and infallible, but a "Seer" is any sinful and fallible human being (man or woman) who has a "true vision" from God.

The Spirit of Truth is Now Come

We believe that Bahá'u'lláh (1817-1892) was the Incarnation of the Holy Ghost or Spirit of Truth. Jesus said:

"Howbeit when he, the Spirit of Truth is come, he will guide you unto all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak; and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me.... (John 16:13-14)

Bahá'u'lláh wrote:

"Verily, He Who is the Spirit of Truth is now come to guide you unto all truth. He speaketh not as prompted by His own self, but as bidden by Him Who is the All-Wise. Say, this is the One Who hath glorified the Son and hath exalted His Cause. (Tablets of Bahá'u'lláh, p.12)

The Purpose of the Baha'i Faith

The Divine Mandate of the Baha'i Faith is to establish "The World Order of Baha'u'llah" which is a One World Government, otherwise known as "The New World Order". Baha'is are taught this New World Order will be established after "The Great Calamity" in which up to a third of all humanity will be killed. It is unknown if The Great Calamity will be nuclear, or biological, natural disaster, or conventional world war. After this Calamity, a One World Government will be established. This One World Government will, after several generations, become Baha'i, and thus changed to "The World Order of Baha'u'llah" wherein the Baha'i Faith will become the official World State Religion.

Nations will be ruled by "kings and rulers" according to the Writings of Baha'u'llah. The Guardian of the Baha'i Faith, Shoghi Effendi (died 1957) introduced a further concept of the "World Order of Baha'u'llah" which would be a Baha'i World State. Shoghi Effendi added that this Baha'i World State will have a "World Executive" (executive branch) and the "Universal House of Justice" (legislative and judicial branch). Every nation will have a National House of Justice, and every municipality will have a Local House of Justice. The "World Executive" will have a "World Police Force". The terms "World Order of Baha'u'llah" and "World Executive" cannot be found in the Holy Tablets of any of the Central Figures (The Báb, Baha'u'llah, 'Abdu'l-Baha). But Baha'u'llah did write about an "International Tribunal" that would mediate between nations.

The Universal House of Justice (not a building but a council of 9 elected men) already exists, at the Baha'i World Centre, in Haifa, Israel. That Baha'i World Centre was established when Haifa was part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Baha'is had nothing to do with the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, and Baha'is were already in Haifa, Palestine, long before the Israeli-Palestinian conflict began.

"The House" (council of 9 elected men) is the Governing Body of the Baha'i Faith worldwide. These 9 men are NOT prophets, nor seers, or revelators. They are simply 9 highly-educated men who are elected by Baha'i Delegates to serve as "Members of the House" for five years. They are often re-elected.

According to the writings of Shoghi Effendi, all nations will be divided in Baha'i States where Baha'i Holy Law is the only law, and where it is enforced. Apparently, there will be non-Baha'i States because the Writings of Baha'u'llah talk about "banishing" criminals if they become habitual criminals. Either these criminals will go to the Moon, some other planet, or a non-baha'i state to live. Other States must exist for criminals and other "violators" of Baha'i law to be "banished" to. Baha'i States will operate under the Kitab-i-Aqdas ("Book of Laws") written by Baha'u'llah, as interpreted by the Universal House of Justice. Local Houses of Justice will act similar to superior and municipal courts, National Houses of Justice will act similarly to appellate courts, and the Universal House of Justice will act as an international supreme court.

It is assumed that in non-Baha'i "states" Baha'i holy law will not be the law of the land, but this is only speculation. Most Baha'is probably assume all nations will be Baha'i, and all "states" will be Baha'i states, with Baha'i Holy Law universally applied everywhere to everyone. Most Baha'is assume everyone (100%) of the human population will be believing Baha'is in the World Order of Baha'u'llah. Some Baha'is believe that "100% belief" is impossible, given human nature, and that the world will have Baha'i States where Baha'i law is the law of the land, and non-Baha'i States for "violators" (those who consistently cannot obey Baha'i Holy Law) and Non-Believers (those who do not wish to dwell under Baha'i Holy Law). But, again, this is speculating, because the Baha'i Holy Writings are not clear on this issue.

Baha'is see the New world Order as a good thing: where Mankind can live as "one" without religious or political or social or ethnic or national or caste or tribal or linguistic differences that lead to war, prejudice, injustice, and conflict.

Baha'is do not know when the Great Calamity will occur, nor if it will be natural or man-made. They see the Baha'i Faith as Mankind's "only hope" and "only working solution" for permanent World Peace.

Baha'is believe that Christianity all all other religions have "failed" to bring lasting World Peace, and only the World Order of Baha'u'llah can bring lasting permanent World Peace.

Bahai Meetings

The Baha'i Faith has no "meetings" that Baha'i must attend. One may be a Baha'i in good standing, and never attend a meeting. However, Baha'is are encouraged to meet together every 19 days (usually in the evening) for "Feast". Only Baha'is may attend Feasts.

Baha'is have two meetings that are open to the public:

*Baha'i Firesides

*Baha'i Sunday Devotionals

Seekers (non-baha'is "investigating" the Baha'i Faith) cannot attend Baha'i Feasts, which are held every 19 days. Only Baha'is may attend Baha'i Feasts. But Seekers may attend a Sunday Devotional (90 minutes) or a Baha'i Public Information meeting sometimes called a "Fireside" (usually one hour). These meetings are free. No donations will be asked, and none can be accepted. You will not be asked to offer a prayer or give a talk! You are there to observe, and ask questions.

Dress Code: Clean, casual, modest clothing. Suits, white shirts, and ties, are almost never worn. You can wear a suit if you want to. Most men and women wear casual clothing for Firesides, Devotionals, and Feasts. Women do not have to wear dresses. There is no limit on tatoos or ear-rings. However, your speech, your body, your face and hands, must be "clean" and your clothing must be "clean" and "modest" by the culture/city you are in.

Smoking is allowed outside. Smokers are never shunned. The use of alcohol is any amount is forbidden in the Faith.

If you want to attend either a Fireside or a Devotional, contact information can be found at the bottom of this webpage.

The Blesséd Beauty

Baha'is (baw-highzz) refer to Baha'u'llah as "The Blesséd Beauty". He is considered the latest, but not the last Manifestation of God the Father on this planet. Other "Manifestations" of the Father have included Krishna, Buddha, and Others. The next Manifestation of God is "due" about 2863 A.D., or soon thereafter, but not before then.

The Maid of Heaven

After the Martyrdom of The Bab, Baha'u'llah was imprisoned in the Siyah Chal ("Black Pit") of Tehran, Iran, a stinking dark underground prison in the capital city of Persia. He spent four months there, wrapped in a huge chain, never seeing the light of day, sitting in His own excrement (as the other prisoners). During this time, He claims to have had a "vision" of "The Maid of Heaven": a female angelic being who tells Him He was the Promised One.

Who was the Maid of Heaven?

Baha'is don't know. Some of them say that the Maid of Heaven was just a "poetic symbol" of Baha'u'llah realizing one day sitting in the "Black Pit" that He was the Promised One of all religions. Some Baha'is believe She is a real being. The Holy Tablets present the Maid of Heaven as something "real" and not just a "metaphor". Some Baha'is believe that the Maid of Heaven was Tahirih ("taw-hih-rih"), the only female disciple of The Báb, who was strangled to death in 1852 on order of the High Clergy of Iran, for being a heretic (i.e. for being a follower of The Báb). Her birth name was Fatimih Baraghani, but was given the name-title of "Tahirih" ("The Pure One") by The Báb.

Some Baha'is believe that the Maid of Heaven was The Báb appearing in female form (yes!) or the Holy Spirit, or even Mary mother of Jesus, or Fatimah (daughter of Muhammad and wife of the first Imam of the Shi'ite Muslims--Ali). Others believe She was Tahirih, the female disciple of The Báb, who was martyred just a few months before Baha'u'llah was sent to the Shiyah Chal in late 1852.

Tahirih created a "sensation" in Iran at the time for refusing to wear a veil on her face in public, which to Shi'ite Muslim men at the time was like a woman walking around naked in public.

Baha'is do not know "who" the Maid of Heaven is/was: a pure metaphor or "poetic character" (like a fictional character in a poem), or the Holy Spirit, or The Báb (yes!), or the Virgin Mary, or a female Zoroastrian angelic figure, or the recently martyred Tahirih. They can only guess.

The Face of Baha'u'llah

The Face of Baha'u'llah is considered "too sacred" to be shown or displayed outside of the Most Holy Shrine of Baha'u'llah in Akka, Israel. Baha'is consider Baha'u'llah to be the Manifestation of God the Father on this planet. The Promised One of all religions. The Messenger of God for our Era. The Spirit of Truth. The Holy Ghost in the flesh. Baha'is are not allowed to keep a photograph of Him in their homes or literature or place of worship. Baha'is keep a photograph of 'Abdu'l-Baha, the Exemplar of the Faith, in their homes and places of worship.

Baha'is believe that ALLAH is an Unknowable Essence: not a "Person" nor an Exalted Man. ALLAH has no wife or wives, and no sons nor daughters. ALLAH begets not, nor is He begotten. ALLAH is not a "man" nor was never any man. The Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, may "become a Man" anytime He desires to do so. The Holy Ghost "became a Man" in 1817, in Iran (Persia), the Son of a Persian nobleman. His birth-name was Mirza Husayn-Ali Nuri (Arabic: "Prince Beauty-Exalted of Light"). He later took the sacred title of BAHA'U'LLAH ("The Glory of God").

For many years Baha'u'llah lived in a room, in a mansion near Akka, Palestine, whose windows and doors were covered in white veils. In order to see His Face, one had to wash with water, anoint with olive oil, and know certain secret "signs" in order to pass through the white veil, and behold the Face of Baha'u'llah

Baha'u'llah founded the Baha'i Faith in 1863 in Baghdad, Iraq. He was later exiled to Acca (Akko) Palestine: then a Turkish province. He announced His true station to the World in "The Tablet of Carmel" which was written, and recited, on Mount Carmel, in Palestine, in the year 1891. In that year, 1891, Baha'u'llah, wearing His blood red robe, climbed Mount Carmel, and, from a Sacred Spot on that mountain, He shouted:

"The Voice of the Son of Man is calling aloud from the sacred veil: 'Here am I, here am I, O God, My God!' The Father hath come, and that which ye were promised in the Kingdom of God is fulfilled." (The Words of Bahá'u'lláh, p.104)

Baha'u'llah died in 1892. Baha'is refer to Him mostly as "The Blesséd Beauty" and sometimes as "The World Teacher". He is called "The Messenger of God four our Age". He is considered to be the greatest, but not last, Messenger of God to be sent to this planet.

The Greater and Lesser Covenants

The Baha'i Faith has no "Living Prophet". Baha'u'llah died in 1897, but left thousands of Tablets (letters). He was succeeded by His Eldest Son 'Abdu'l-Baha (Arabic: "Servant of Glory"), Who also wrote hundreds of Tablets, which Baha'is see as Infallible Scripture as well.

The spiritual "station" of 'Abdu'l-Baha has no name. Baha'is claim that His "station" is below that of Prophet, but above that of human being. Baha'is refer to 'Abdu'l-Baha as "Him" and "He" instead of "him" and "he". They refer to Him as "The Master".

Baha'is call their acceptance of Baha'u'llah as "the Messenger of God for our Age" as "The Greater Covenant". They call the acceptance of 'Abdu'l-Baha as His authorized Interpreter and Successor as "The Lesser Covenant".

Baha'is believe that 'Abdu'l-Baha (Who died in 1921) was succeeded by His eldest grandson Shoghi Effendi (1897-1957) as the Guardian of the Baha'i Faith. Shoghi Effendi (show-gee ef-fen-dee) wrote thousands of letters, which are not considered infallible scripture, but "authoritative" like the decrees of a Pope.

Shoghi Effendi was succeeded by a council of 9 elected men called "The Universal House of Justice" who reside in Haifa, Israel, at the Baha'i World Centre on Mount Carmel, in Haifa. The Members of the House, as they are called, are not prophets, nor seers, nor revelators. They are simply highly educated human beings with many years of service to the Baha'i Faith. They are the "Administrators" of the Baha'i Faith. They do not prophesy. They do not see visions. They do not receive divine revelation. They are "guided" by the Baha'i Holy Texts and the Directives (signed letters) of the Guardian Shoghi Effendi, who died in 1957.

The Lights of Guidance

The Baha'i Faith is said to have "five Lights of Guidance":

The Báb ("The Forerunner")

The Báb ("bawb"). A Prophet Who lived in Iran in the 1840s. The modern "John the Baptist". Baha'is refer to Him as "THE BÁB" ("the Gate" in Arabic). He is considered to be a Prophet equal to that of Moses of Muhammad. He came in the Station of a Servant. The Báb was considered a "heretic" to the Shi'ite Muslims, so they executed Him by firing-squad in Tabriz, Iran, in 1850. He is called "The Forerunner" of Baha'u'llah, like John the Baptist was the "forerunner" of Jesus. Station: Major Prophet (Manifestation of God).

At the execution, or Martyrdom of The Báb, in Tabriz, Iran, in 1850, there was an alleged miracle. Baha'is are not supposed to talk about "miracles" with Seekers (non-baha'is who are studying the Baha'i Faith) because miracles are not supposed to be used as "proof" the Baha'i Faith is true. The "Words" of the Central Figures of the Faith (The Báb, Baha'u'llah, 'Abdu'l-Baha) are supposed to only be used, not Their (alleged) miracles. However, Baha'is will often mention the "Miracle at the Matyrdom of The Báb" when they discuss the history of the Faith. Allegedly, a regiment of 750 rifles, using old-style gun-power (before powerderless gunpowder) tried to execute The Báb, Who was considered a heretic (false teacher). The volley of bullets severed the ropes that bound Him. When the smoke cleared, The Báb was gone. They found Him back in His cell, so they brought Him back and tied Him up again. The second volley of 750 bullets succeeded. Apparently, The Báb had not finished His last letter to His disciples, but, thanks to the bullets severing His ropes, He was able to finish it. The body of The Báb was sealed in a lead coffin, and taken by the Baha'is to Baghdad, and then Turkey, and then finally to Haifa, Palestine (as it was then known as) and finally buried on the northern slope of Mount Carmel, when Baha'u'llah announced His station to the world in 1891. On that Sacred Spot the Baha'is built "The Shrine of The Bab" which is the lesser of the two Holy Shrines that Baha'is make Pilgrimage to at least one time in their lives (if they can afford it, and are in good health, and not too young or too old).

Baha'u'llah ("The Blesséd Beauty")

Baha'u'llah (baw-haw-Oh-LAHHH). The Supreme Manifestation of God. The Holy Ghost in the flesh. The "Father" and "Begetter of the Son". The promised Spirit of Truth. Born in Iran in 1817. Died in Palestine in 1892. He wrote thousands of Tablets (letters). Baha'is refer to Him as "THE BLESSÉD BEAUTY" and "THE ANCIENT BEAUTY". He is considered be the Most Great Prophet, the One Who inspired all the Prophets and Seers. He is considered to be "God the Father" and "The Heavenly Father" in the flesh. He came in the Station of the Father. Station: Major Prophet (Manifestation of God).

Baha'i Holy Texts basically views the Prophets as "Manifesting" the Names and Attributes of ALLAH (God in His Essence). ALLAH does not "become flesh" but His "Names and Attributes" do incarnate on this and many other planets. These Prophets are like perfect mirrors that perfectly reflect ALLAH's "Names and Attributes". The Quran lists about 95 "Names" of ALLAH, and the Names are also "Attributes" such as "The Merciful" "The Self-Sufficient" "The All-Knowing" "The Truth" "The Benevolent" etc. These "Manifestations of God" become "Perfect Men" in our dimension (Nasoot). Sometimes they appear in the Station of the Father, sometimes the Station of the Son, sometimes the Station of a Servant. Baha'u'llah came in the "Station" of the Father.

'Abdu'l-Baha ("The Master")

'Abdu'l-Baha (ab-dell baw-HAW). The Eldest Son of Baha'u'llah. Not a Manifestation of God. Not a "Prophet" in the Baha'i sense of that word, but He had a "unique station" between Prophet and ordinary human. His Tablets (letters) are considered to be infallible Scripture for Baha'is. He is the "Exemplar" of the Faith (the "example" that Baha'is must follow). Baha'is keep photos of Him in their homes. He came to Salt Lake City in September, 1912, and stayed for three days and nights. He purportedly worked miracles, but Baha'is are forbidden to discuss miracles as "proof" of the Baha'i Revelation. Early British and American Baha'is believed that 'Abdu'l-Baha was Jesus reincarnated, but 'Abdu'l-Baha taught against reincarnation (i.e. "human" souls cannot return to "this" material world) and the Baha'is today no longer believe that He was the reincarnation of Jesus, but had "a unique station" between that of Prophet and human being.

The teachings of 'Abdu'l-Baha inspired Mohandas Gandhi of India. 'Abdu'l-Baha was well known, and well beloved, by the "Race Unity" and "World Peace" and "Gender Equality" movements in Europe and North American in the early 1900s. He died in Haifa, Palestine, in 1921. Baha'is refer to Him as "THE MASTER". He is considered to be lesser than a Prophet, but greater than a human being. Station: "Exemplar" (a unique station between Prophet and ordinary human).


The Báb ("The Gate")
Baha'u'llah (The Blessée Beauty")
'Abdu'l-Baha ("The Master")

The birth name of Baha'u'llah was Mirza Hussein-Ali Nuri which literally means in Arabic "Prince Beauty-Exalted of Light". He was a direct descendant of King David via Bostanai, a Jew of the House of David who lived in Iraq in the 7th century A.D., and a Persian Zoroastrian princess named Darah. The descendants of Bostanai and Darah later moved to Elam (an Arabic-speaking province of Persia) and still later to Tehran, Persia (Iran). The father of Baha'u'llah (Mirza Abbas Buzurg) was once the governor of the Iranian province of Nur ("noor") which is in the Elborz mountains north of Tehran, Iran. "Hussein" (also spelled "Husayn" or "Hossein") means "masculine beauty" is a fairly common name for males in Iran, where the main language is Farsi (Persian) but Arabic is the religious language for Muslims and Arabic names are more-often-than-not also used by Iranian Muslims (most of whom cannot speak Arabic).

Shoghi Effendi ("The Guardian")

Shoghi Effendi (show-gee ef-fen-dee). The eldest grandson of 'Abdu'l-Baha. The Guardian of the Cause of God. Born in Palestine in 1897. Died in London, England, in 1957. Not considered a "Prophet" in the Baha'i sense of the word "Prophet". May be considered a "Seer" (ordinary human who had true visions). Shoghi Effendi wrote and dictated thousands of signed letters called "Directives" which, while not viewed as infallible, are viewed as "authoritative" direction for Baha'is. He was, more or less, the one and only "pope" of the Baha'i Faith: although his official title was "Guardian of the Cause of God". Baha'is refer to him as "THE GUARDIAN". He was just an ordinary human being, but with a special "office". Station: "Guardian" (an ordinary man with a sacred office of trust as Head of the Faith)

The Universal House of Justice ("The House")

The Universal House of Justice. A council of 9 ordinary men, elected every five years, who govern the Baha'i Faith worldwide. They are NOT prophets nor seers. They are guided by the Holy Texts. They are not considered to be infallible. They don't make prophecies. They don't interpret the Bible, nor the Qu'ran. They don't "guess" about Bible verses. Their job is to oversee the Baha'i Faith worldwide, and to "legislate" on matters not "obvious" in the Baha'i Holy Texts (i.e. matters not addressed by the Central Figures, such as surrogate pregnancies, etc.). They communicate to the Baha'is through "Letters" which are published in Baha'i magazines and on official Baha'i websites. Only "The House" has the authority to declare someone a "Covenant-Breaker" (apostate). Baha'is who say "Such and such person is not a Baha'i" are in violation of Baha'i Holy Law. Only the Universal House of Justice can say "So and so is not a Baha'i". Any Baha'i who says to you "Such-and-such is not a Baha'i" is in violation of Baha'i Holy Law unless the Universal House of Justice has "declared" that person a Non-believer or a "Covenant-Breaker". Station of the Members of the House: ordinary men who acts as administrators of the Faith internationally.

Where does Jesus Christ "fit" into this picture?

Baha'is believe that Christ (they refer to Jesus always as "Christ") in some mystical way "returned" in the Person of Baha'u'llah. They don't know how. They say "It's a mystery we can't understand, so why try?"

The Supreme Revelation of God

Baha'is are taught that the Baha'i faith is God's latest and "Supreme Revelation" to Humanity. Each Revelation of God is greater than the Revelation that precedes it:

The Revelation of Moses
The Revelation of Christ
The Revelation of Muhammad
The Revelation of The Báb
The Revelation of Baha'u'llah.

The Revelations of God get "bigger" and "greater" as time goes on. The next Revelation of God is sue in about 800 years from now, or about 2863 A.D. or thereafter. This is what Baha'is mean by "Progressive Revelation": meaning the Revelation gets greater and fuller with each new Dispensation.

Baha'is believe that while the Manifestations of God are equal in all things, their Revelations are not equal and that each new consecutive Revelation from God is "greater" than the previous ones. Each consecutive Manifestation of God is the "return" of all the previous Manifestations (Prophets) Who have come before. How? Baha'is do not know the answer "how?" and cannot explain it.

Spiritual Miracles Greater Than Physical Miracles

Baha'is admit that Christ (they never refer to Him as "Jesus" but as "Christ") was "equal" in all respects to the other Manifestations of God, but they will refer to Baha'u'llah as "The Supreme Manifestation of God" in that His "Revelation" was the greatest. Baha'is will admit that Christ was born of a literal virgin, and most Baha'is will admit that Christ "may have" worked miracles, but Baha'is downplay physical miracles as "not as important" as spiritual miracles. In other words, restoring a blind man's sight will allow him to "see" only for the rest of his life, but to give a man "spiritual sight" means he will "see" for eternity (they can't explain what they means really since they believe everyone will be able to see in the Afterlife).

Many Baha'is believe that Jesus worked no "literal" miracles, and that when the Gospels report that Christ healed a blind man who was blind from birth, the "real" meaning is that Jesus "healed" a seeing man of "spiritual blindness" (i.e. the "blind man" was only spiritually blind, never ever literally physically blind). Other Baha'is will admit that while supernatural miracles are possible, they are "not as important" as the spiritual miracles: such as being healed from "spiritual blindness" (i.e. going from not knowing the Manifestation of God for our Age, to knowing Him and accepting Him).

Salvation of the Soul

Most Baha'is believe that "salvation" means to "recognize the Manifestation for our age" (Dispensation). "Heaven" means being "close to God" and "Hell" means being "far from God". Many will say: "Heaven and Hell are not geographic locations, but conditions of the soul!" If you ask, "Is there a literal Heaven or Hell in the Afterlife?" most Baha'is will admit they just don't know! And they will add: "That's NOT important for us to know today!"

Most Baha'is deny any literal Heaven or Hell after death, and see the Afterlife as real but "not important for us know about today". Baha'is believe that most important "thing" for us today is the World Order of Baha'u'llah (i.e. Baha'i World State), since that World Order will guarantee lasting universal peace, end war, end famine, hunger, injustice, racism, inequality of men and women, persecution of minorities, worldwide. That is why Baha'is will tell you things such as: "We know the Afterlife is real, but we'll worry about that when the time comes. But, for us today, what is really important are the Principles!"

Baha'is don't view "personal salvation" as important for "our age". It's just "not" important, so it isn't discussed at Baha'i Meetings. What is important? What do Baha'is discuss at Baha'i meetings? Answer: The Principles.

Why did Christ come to Earth?

The Gospels and Epistle of Paul say that Jesus was the WORD of God in the flesh, born of the virgin Mary, and sent to offer His blood on the Cross as a final sacrifice for the sins of all mankind, so that, if we accept Jesus as our Lord and Savior via the Sinner's Prayer (Romans 10:8-10). His blood "washes away" our sins, so that we may avoid the punishment for sinners (i.e. eternal Hell-fire), and go to Heaven for all eternity.

Do Baha'is believe that? No, most of them do not. A few "Baha'i mystics" will say they do "in a way". But most Baha'is do not believe that, and won't know really what you're talking about. They will say:

"Christ suffered for three hours on the cross, but Baha'u'llah suffered for three days in the Siyah Chal!"

The Siyah Chal means the "Black Pit" underground prison in Tehran, Iran, which Baha'u'llah was thrown into for four months in 1853. It was in the Siyah Chal (Farsi: "Black Pit") that Baha'u'llah saw "The Maid of Heaven" Who told Him He was the Promised One.

Who is the Maid of Heaven? Baha'is don't know. Some dismiss the Maid of Heaven "vision" as simple "poetic imagery" that Baha'u'llah used. Others believe the Maid of Heaven was real supernatural being. Who? Baha'is don't know. They can only speculate.

Do Baha'is Believe that Baha'u'llah is Superior to Christ?

Not the Person of Christ, but Baha'is believe that the Revelation of Baha'u'llah was greater than the Revelation of Christ, they believe.

Baha'is will also say: "The words of Christ could fit into a pamphlet, but the words of Baha'u'llah could fill an entire library!"

What they mean is, that if you took all the words of Jesus found in the New Testament, it would be perhaps 10 pages in a small pamphlet or booklet, but if you took all the Tablets (Epistles) of Baha'u'llah, it would probably dwarf the Bible itself. In other words, what they are trying to impress you with, is that the Revelation of Baha'u'llah was so much greater than that of Christ, because of the volume of "words" both used. The words of Jesus can fill a small booklet, but the words of Baha'u'llah could fill many books.

Baha'is do not understand that Christians do not see "amount of words" as important, but rather the work that Jesus did on the Cross for sinners as the vitally important part of His ministry, since His blood "washes away our sins" and causes us to avoid eternal Hell-fire "if" we accept Jesus as our Lord and Savior. Catholics believe that we accept Christ via the Sacrament (sacred ordinance) of the Eucharist (consecrated bread and wine), and Protestants (Evangelicals) believe we accept Christ via reciting (with complete faith and heart-felt belief) "The Sinner's Prayer" which is found in Romans chapter 10 verses 8 through 10.

Most Baha'is tell you that Christ came to "improve the status of minorities and women" or to "unite villages". But the Baha'i Holy Texts don't actually "say" any of that! There is nothing in the Baha'i Holy Texts about Christ "uniting villages" or being sent "to improve the status of minorities of woman". Can't be found in any Baha'i Holy Text, nor in the Directives (signed letters) of the Guardian Shoghi Effendi.

Baha'is will say that Christ (Jesus) came was sent for three reasons:

1) to improve the status of minorities and women
2) to teach peace
3) to prepare the way for the greater Revelation of Muhammad

Yet, nothing in the Holy Texts (Writings of the Central Figures) or the Directives (signed letters) of Shoghi Effendi actually "say" any of that. Nothing! Jesus said, "I have not been sent to bring peace, but a sword!:

"Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword." (Matthew 10:34)

The Holy Writings of the Central Figures (The Báb, Baha'u'llah, 'Abdu'l-Baha) say that Christ came to offer His blood as a sacrifice and ransom for the sins and iniquities of all mankind: as do the Gospels and the Epistles of Paul.

Baha'u'llah As Jesus Returned

Baha'is believe that the Second Coming of Christ was fulfilled in Baha'u'llah, or in Muhammad, or in The Báb, or in all of Them in some "mystical way" that we can't understand.

Baha'u'llah did write:

"O Jews! If ye be intent on crucifying once again Jesus, the Spirit of God, put Me to death, for He hath once more, in My person, been made manifest unto you. Deal with Me as ye wish, for I have vowed to lay down My life in the path of God." (Gleanings from the Writings of Baha'u'llah, p.101)

In some "way" the "Person of Jesus" was "in" the Person of Baha'u'llah. How? Baha'is don't know. Was it reincarnation? Baha'is will tell you: "No!"

Baha'is believe that the "Qualities and Perfections of Christ" and indeed all the Manifestations of God returned in the Person of Baha'u'llah. What does that mean? Baha'is don't know! Does that mean reincarnation? They will tell you "No, the Baha'i Faith teaches reincarnation is false!" They are sure of that. Then what does "Qualities and Perfections" actually "mean"? Baha'is... do....not....know!

Baha'is DO NOT KNOW "how" Jesus returned in the Person of Baha'u'llah. They say "It is a mystery we are not meant to understand, and, besides, it is not important for our day!"

Baha'is don't consider the subject of the Return of Christ to be "important". What they consider to be "important" are the Baha'i "Principles".

The Baha'i Principles

The Baha'i Principles are the essence of what Baha'is believe, and they believe they are working to make these Principles popular in the World, and thereby by-and-by to "establish" these Principles worldwide.

These Baha'i Principles are by far, the most important subject in the minds of Baha'is. More important than anything else. They discuss one or more of these Principles at every meeting, constantly. These are also called "The Principles".

The Principles are the most important thing in the mind and life of a Baha'i.

The World Order of Baha'u'llah

Baha'is believe that if they continue to propagate (discuss and teach) "The Principles" then that will eventually lead to lasting permanent World Peace via the World Order of Baha'u'llah (Baha'i One-World Government).

The ultimate goal of the Baha'i Faith is One World Government, with two "branches"

The Universal House of Justice is not a building, but a "council" of nine men, elected every five years, by Baha'i delegates. "The House" is the judicial and legislative Branch of the World Order of Baha'u'llah.

The World Executive will be the "executive branch" of the World Order of Baha'u'llah. Will this be a person or a committee or a council? Baha'is don't know. The Baha'i Holy Writings don't say. The Baha'i Holy Writings don't mention any "World Executive" but only an "International Tribunal" that would decide differences between nations. Perhaps the "International Tribunal" is the World Executive (???). Most Baha'is believe the "International Tribunal" is the Universal House of Justice, but "The House" does not consist of representatives from all nations.

The terms "World Order of Baha'u'llah" and "Word Executive" and "World Police Force" are terms first coined by Shoghi Effendi (1897-1957); such terms cannot be found in the Holy Tablets of The Báb, or Baha'u'llah, or 'Abdu'l-Baha.

According to Shoghi Effendi (show-gee ef-fen-dee) the World Executive will be established after a "Great Calamity" that will kill a third of all mankind. After this calamity, a World Government will be established and, eventually, this World Government will become the World Order of Baha'u'llah: otherwise known as the Kingdom of God the Father on Earth. Q. How can we escape the Great Calamity?
A. No, there is no "way" Humanity can be saved from or escape the Great Calamity.
Q. Will Baha'is be saved from this Great Calamity?
A. No, Baha'is will not be "saved" from the Great Calamity. Baha'is will suffer under it like all of Humanity will. But the Great Calamity will "prepare the way" for the New World Order (World Government), which will being atheistic and antagonistic towards all religions, but the World Order will eventually become Baha'i and the Baha'i Faith will eventually become the One State World Religion. Shoghi Effendi said and wrote that the Great Calamity is "God's Wrath" upon Humanity, because Humanity rejected the Prophets and persecuted Them.

Shoghi Effendi said and wrote in the 1950s (after the Holocaust was well known) that the Jews were persecuted for 2,000 years because they persecuted and killed Christ, and the Muslims would suffer even more than the Jews did, because they persecuted and rejected Baha'u'llah. All of this would be God's Righteous Wrath upon Humanity.

Shoghi Effendi said and wrote that the Great Calamity would sweep away the Old World Order, and usher in a New World Order. The World Order of Baha'u'llah will be a One World Government, a BAHA'I WORLD STATE, with two Branches (World Executive and Universal House of Justice). Each "State" or "Principality" will be ruled by a King and/or Queen and each Municipality will have a local House of Justice. This "New world Order" will be established by "the 7th Angel" (a messianic figure) sometime after the Great Calamity in which a third of mankind will perish in some natural or man-made world disaster. The World Order of Baha'u'llah will end warfare between nations, and mandate that the Baha'i Principles are applied equally everywhere.

Baha'is will tell you that the "purpose" of the Baha'i Faith is "to achieve permanent lasting World Peace via the establishment of the World Order of Baha'u'llah" (Baha'i World State), thus preventing a nuclear holocaust. But they will also admit that the "Great Calamity" that will come to wipe-away the Old World Order and usher in the New World Order (i.e. One World government that will eventually lead to the Baha'i World State) may in fact be a nuclear holocaust (but they don't know for sure). There is no clear indication just "what" the Great Calamity will be, only that it will come and devastate human civilization.

Many Baha'is believe that the United Nations, headquartered in New York City, will become the "World Executive" after the Great Calamity, and that the UN will finally have real "power" and authority over the nations: whereas today it basically can only offer "suggestions" to the leaders of nations and offer some refugee and disaster relief services. The "UN Forces" military consists of soldiers from various countries, wearing blue helmets or blue berets, but the "UN Forces" have been mostly completely ineffectual at stopping or preventing war, civil war, and genocide. The presence of large numbers of UN troops in the former Yugoslavia in the 1980s, and in Rwanda in the 1990s, did not prevent civil war or mass slaughter. But, Baha'is are confident that after the Great Calamity, the World Order of Baha'u'llah will somehow become a reality.

Baha'is believe that the World Order of Baha'u'llah will be a Divine Government, a "democratic theocracy", that will establish and enforce the Baha'i Principles worldwide, in every country, and assure world peace, equality, and eliminate the extremes of poverty and wealth (i.e. rich and poor will exist but no super-rich and no super-poor). The World Executive will have a World Police Force. The rights of minorities in every country will be protected and insured. Minorities would no longer be oppressed. Women would no longer be denied education or forced into child marriages, or brothels. The poorest of the poor would have the right of education, and decent working conditions. The Universal House of Justice will act as the World Parliament and World Supreme Court. The Universal House of Justice has only 9 Members today (all male), but, according to 'Abdu'l-Baha, that number can expand by multiples of 9 (i.e., 9, 18, 27, 36, etc.) with no "upper" limit. It is quite possible, that in the World Order of Baha'u'llah, the Universal House of Justice could have hundreds of Members (all male).

Why must "The House" be all male? Baha'u'llah never explained "why". 'Abdu'l-Baha said that the answer would "become self-evident" (?). Baha'is don't know, but often "guess". They don't know.

Baha'u'llah's writings envisioned "states" being ruled by "kings and rulers" If a king or ruler gets greedy, or tyrannical, they will be removed, by force if need by, by the "other kings". He mentions the establishment of an "International Tribunal" to decide disagreements between nations. Some Baha'is think this "International Tribunal" will be the Universal House of Justice (council of 9 men in Haifa), while others think it will be the "World Executive" (a term Baha'u'llah never used).

Sunni Muslims believe one day the entire world will be Sunni Muslim. Shi'ite Muslims believe when the Imam Mihdih ("Mahdih") and the Prophet Jesus returns, the entire world will become Shi'ite Muslim. They believe Chrisians will become Shi'ite Muslims once they see and hear Jesus, Who will tell them that Shi'ite Islam is the True Religion.

Baha'is believe that one day the entire Earth will become Baha'i, via the establishment of the World Order of Baha'u'llah. 'Abdu'l-Baha said that "the 7th Angel" would be involved in the establishment of "Universal Peace"; which Baha'is interpret as the Baha'i World State (World Order of Baha'u'llah). Everything a Baha'i does today, is for that ultimate "goal" of a Baha'i World State where the Baha'i Principles (10,11,12, or 13 Principles) are established and enforced internationally: just like Federal Laws are enforced in every State in the United States, today.

Baha'is see a "New World Order" as a good thing, not a bad thing. They see it as sort of a "United States of the World" in which the rights of all would be protected by a Federal World Government (i.e. the World Executive and the Universal House of Justice). Despots and tyrants would be forced out under threat of an armed "World Police Force" under orders from the World Executive. The "power" of the World Executive would be "checked" by the Universal House of Justice; which is already established in Haifa, Israel, and acts as Governing Body of the Baha'i Faith worldwide.

Baha'is believe that the "Principles" are vitally important for the "salvation" of Humanity as a living species from ultimate self-annihilation. Baha'is love to say and present the following slogans:

"One World Please"

"Racism: Just Don't Do It!"

"Mankind is One"

In The World Order of Baha'u'llah, taxes that countries normally spend on armies and navies (trillions of dollars a year) will be allotted to the advancement of science (to find new and clean sources of energy, to grow crops more efficiently), and to the care of the elderly and infirm in mind and body. Yes, there will be a World Police Force, to enforce the decrees of the World Executive (probably a Council rather than an individual).

Q. When will the World Order of Baha'u'llah be established?
A. After the Great Calamity
Q. When will that happen?
A. Baha'is don't know.

The Second Coming of Christ and the 7th Angel

Most Baha'is believe that Baha'u'llah was the "Return of Christ" in some mystical way we can't understand. Thus, they do not look forward to Jesus returning to this Earth, to rule as King of kings nor for any other reason. They do expect another Prophet (Manifestation of God) in about 800 years, but not before that. They do not believe the next Manifestation of God will be Jesus other than "in some mystical way we can't understand".

A "few" Baha'is believe that "Jesus" will return to this planet, and be the "7th Angel" responsible for establishing the World Order of Baha'u'llah. This is based upon the following statement of 'Abdu'l-Baha in the book Some Answered Questions:

The seventh angel is a man qualified with heavenly attributes, who will arise with heavenly qualities and character. Voices will be raised, so that the appearance of the Divine Manifestation will be proclaimed and diffused. In the day of the manifestation of the Lord of Hosts, and at the epoch of the divine cycle of the Omnipotent which is promised and mentioned in all the books and writings of the Prophets—in that day of God, the Spiritual and Divine Kingdom will be established, and the world will be renewed; a new spirit will be breathed into the body of creation; the season of the divine spring will come; the clouds of mercy will rain; the sun of reality will shine; the life-giving breeze will blow; the world of humanity will wear a new garment; the surface of the earth will be a sublime paradise; mankind will be educated; wars, disputes, quarrels and malignity will disappear; and truthfulness, righteousness, peace and the worship of God will appear; union, love and brotherhood will surround the world; and God will rule for evermore—meaning that the Spiritual and Everlasting Kingdom will be established. Such is the day of God. For all the days which have come and gone were the days of Abraham, Moses and Christ, or of the other Prophets; but this day is the day of God, for the Sun of Reality will arise in it with the utmost warmth and splendor." (Some Answered Questions, pp.55-57)

Bahai'is interpret the above statement differently. Some think the 7th Angel was Baha'u'llah. Some say 'Abdu'l-Baha (who died in 1921), and still others say this refers to the next Manifestation of God, not due until 2863 A.D. or thereafter (more than 800 years from now). A few Baha'is think this refers to the Second Coming of Christ, but, again, this is the view of a tiny minority of Baha'is. Most Baha'is believe that Baha'u'llah, or Muhammad, or The Báb, or all of Them, somehow "mystically" fulfilled the role as Christ in His Second Coming.


Baha'is don't know, nor do they think "that is important". What "is" important, they believe, are the Baha'i Principles and the World Order of Baha'u'llah which shall establish the Baha'i Principles worldwide via a Baha'i World State.

Many Baha'is believe the subject of the Return of Christ "is not important" but that "The Baha'i Principles" are all-important.

Baha'is see "The Principles" as the most important thing on Earth, and the most important thing in their own lives. Only by helping to establish the World Order of Baha'u'llah, will Humanity avoid total self-destruction. The "Mystical Teachings" are acknowledged, but most Baha'is do not place very much importance to them.

Q. Who is the 7th Angel?
A. Baha'is don't know.

Personal Salvation

There is a clear doctrine of the Salvation of the Soul in the Baha'i Holy Texts. This doctrines follow the Sufi Muslim doctrine of personal salvation: which means the "Mystical Journey" of the soul from lower to higher stations called "valleys" until one finally reaches the 7th Mystical Valley and "dies in God" (Fana'i'llah). To "die in God" means to "annihilate" the ego (Satan) within oneself. At death, the soul that has "died in God" ascends to the Kingdom of Malakoot (Kingdom of the Angels) and "may" ascend to higher spiritual kingdoms. The souls that do not "die in God" must return to "Nasoot" (the Material Realm) which the Quran describes as "The Fire"; where there is pain, demons (sociopaths), torment, ageing, loss of loved ones, injustice, addictions ("iron chains"), war, famine, violence, oppression, and death.

The soul "dies in God" by "acquiring virtues" and walking the Path of Holiness daily until they reach the highest spiritual station (the 7th Mystical Valley). The Path of Holiness includes the Daily Obligatory Prayer, Zikr (a Baha'i "chant" sometimes called "Baha'i Yoga"), and keeping the Holy Laws of Baha'u'llah. Every Baha'i has "Twin Duties":

Duty Number One: Recognizing Baha'u'llah as the Messenger of God for our Age (day, time)

Duty Number Two: Keeping all the holy laws of Baha'u'llah as interpreted by 'Abdu'l-Baha, Shoghi Effendi, and the Universal House of Justice.

Most Baha'is do not see "Christ" (they always refer to Jesus as "Christ") as vitally important for our "Day" (Dispensation). Christ was the Way to God from about 33 A.D. to 610 A.D. (with the First Vision of Muhammad and the Revelation of Islam). To Baha'is, "Christ" is no longer the Way to the Father, because the Father Himself has come to Earth in the Person of Baha'u'llah.

Most Baha'is are unfamiliar with any concept such as the "Salvation of the Soul" and will tell you that "the salvation of the soul is not important" but what "is important" is the Baha'i Principles which leads to universal lasting peace and a just equitable one-world society called "The World Order of Baha'u'llah".

The Purpose of the Baha'i Faith

If you ask a Baha'i "What is the purpose of the Baha'i Faith?" they will tell you: "To make mankind ONE!" Ask them what they mean by that, and they are often they will refer you to the Baha'i Principles. Basically, it means:

*One World Religion (the Baha'i Faith)
*New World Order
*No more racism
*Equality of men and women
*Universal Auxiliary Language (i.e. Esperanto)
*End of war
*End of the extremes of poverty and wealth
*End of prejudices of all kinds.

Baha'is are taught that the "Qualities and Perfections of Christ (Jesus)" returned in the Person of Baha'u'llah (1817-1992).

What do the "Qualities and Perfections" mean?

Baha'is do not know. They will say: "Baha'u'llah is the return of Christ in some mystical way that we can't understand, so why try?"

However, the Heralds of the Faith taught the following:

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had a Spirit (Ruh) and a Soul/Self (Nafs). The Spirit (Ruh) of Muhammad was His "Perfections" since the Spirit (Ruh) is simply a part of ALLAH "in" us as our "spirit". However, our self/nafs/ego is our "Soul" and thus our "Qualities": which can be good, bad, or indifferent.

The "Qualities and Perfections of Muhammad" (PBUH) means His:



The spirit/ruh is the "angel" in each of us, and always obeys ALLAH. However, the nafs/ego/soul has its own free will, and thus may "rebel" against Allah.

According to The Báb (1819-1850), the "Qualities" (soul/nafs/ego) of the Prophet Muhammad "returned" in the person of Molla Husayn Bushrui (the First Letter of the Living), and the "Perfections" of Muhammad (PBUH) returned in the Person of Siyyid Ali Muhammad Shirazi: otherwise known as The Báb, a Messenger of God (Prophet).

The "Qualities and Perfections" of a Manifestation of God can return as two Persons: a Messenger of God (The Bá) and a Chosen One (Mollah Husayn Bushrui).

Although there is no reincarnation for "human" spirits back to "this" material planet, the Manifestations of God can and do "return" in every Dispensation.

Jesus was a Manifestion of God. He had both a Spirit (Perfections) and a Soul (Qualities). These "Qualities and Pefections" can also "return" to this world as two separate individuals.

Baha'u'llah said that Jesus, the Spirit of God, returned in His Person. The "Perfection" (Spirit/Ruhh) of Jesus returned in the Person of Baha'u'llah. The Holy Spirit and the Spirit of Jesus, is the same Being.

The Qualities (souls/nafs/self) of Jesus "may" return as the 7th Angel, to establish the Kingdom of God on Earth, otherwise known as the World Order of Baha'u'llah. That day will happen sometime after the Great Calamity. When will that be? Baha'is don't know. Will Baha'is be saved from it? No, Baha'is will suffer in the Great Calamity like everybody else will.


The Baha'i Faith denies reincarnation for "human" souls back to "this' material planets. But the Souls of the Manifestations of God are not "human" but Divine. Their "Qualities" are their souls, and their "Perfections" are their spirits, and they may return as two separate individuals.

Baha'u'llah taught that Mulla Husayn Bushrui ("mol-law hos-sein bosh-roo-ee"), the first disciples of The Báb (for Forerunner of Baha'u'llah), was the "return" of the Prophet Muhammad! Mulla Husayn was martyred at the Battle of Fort Tabarsi in 1949, when the followers of The Báb fought with the troops of the Shah (King) of Persia.

An excellent painting by a Baha'i artist of Mullah Husayn Bushrui ("Moe-law Hoo-sein Boosh-rooh-ee") sitting on a throne with a green turban, shortly before the Battle of Fort Tabarsi in 1849

How can a man (Mulla Husayn Bushrui) who is not a Prophet, lesser or otherwise, be the "Return" of the Prophet Muhammad?

The answer is that the "Qualities and Perfections" of the Manifestations of God (Prophets) "return" in every new Dispensation (new Revelation of God). The "Qualities" (nafs/self/soul) return as a Chosen One (lesser than a Prophet but greater than an ordinary human), and the "Perfections" (Ruuh/Spirit) return as a Messenger of God (a Perfect Man and Prophet).

What does "Qualities and Perfections" mean? Baha'is do not know. However, in the books of the Heralds of the Faith (Shaykh Ahmad and Siyyid Kazim) the term "Qualities and Perfections" refer to the Nafs (selfs/egos) and the Roohh (Spirits) of the Manifestations of God (Prophets). The Nafs (Self/ego/soul) of a Prophet can return as a Chosen One (lesser than a Prophet but greater than an ordinary human), and the Rooh (Spirit) of a Prophet will return as another Prophet in a new Dispensation.



There is no reincarnation of the "human" soul to "this" material planet, but the "Qualities and Perfections" of the Prophets and Chosen One "return" in every new Dispensation (i.e. in every "age" where God sends a New Revelation).

Most Baha'is, even today, are unaware of this, and can only "guess" as to what the term "Qualities and Perfections" mean. Most just throw up their hands and say: "That is a mystery that we are not permitted to understand".

Yet, to the Seers (Shaykh Ahmad and Siyyid Kazim) it was a Mystery of God that God revealed to them the correct understanding of, which they wrote about in their books, which Baha'is, except for a few Baha'i linguists and mystics, do not read or study.

Shoghi Effendi, the great-grandson of Baha'u'llah, and the Guardian of the Baha'i Faith, was purportedly said:

"The early Bábís believed in reincarnation. Mulla Husayn in Fort Tabarsi was longing to be martyred and then return." (Shoghi Effendi, May 1954, Pilgrims Notes of Marguerite R. Sears).

The "reincarnation" referred to here is not the reincarnation of "human" souls, but the reincarnation or "return" of the "Qualities and Perfections" of the Manifestations of God (Prophets) in each New Dispensation.

The early followers of The Báb believed in the doctrines of the Heralds (Shaykh Ahmad and Siyyid Kazim). The Báb was once a disciple of Siyyid Kazim, and many of the early Bábís (followers of The Bab) had also been disciples of Siyyid Kazim.

If human spirits/souls do not return to "this" material planet, where do they "go" at death?

Baha'is do not know, and, most do not care. They think that thinking too much about the Afterlife "takes away" from the important "work" that we must do on this planet: i.e. to establish the Baha'i Principles worldwide by means of propagating the Baha'i Message to all of mankind.

The Baha'i concept of the Afterlife is not well-developed. Most Baha'is believe that we all go to the Unseen World, the good and the wicked alike, the same place. To do what? Baha'is do not know, nor do they think the subject is of much importance. They will often say: "Don't worry about the Afterlife. We can't imagine it anymore than a child in the womb can imagine our world. So, why try? There are too many important things to worry about in this life!

What Baha'is mean is: Let the dead bury the dead, don't worry about the Afterlife, the Earth has too many problems that we must worry about and try to overcome here and now. If we promote the Baha'i Message enough, the World will become ONE (i.e. Baha'i World State), and the problems of Humanity will be solved.

Where do human souls "go" at death, if there is no reincarnation for "human" souls?

A Baha'i woman, a British noblewoman, named Lady Bloomfield once asked 'Abdu'l-Baha, the Eldest Son of Baha'u'llah, if she could, after she was dead, return to planet Earth so she could continue to promote the Baha'i Faith. 'Abdu'l-Baha said to her:

"God has so many worlds. Why do you want to come back to this world?" ('Abdu'l-Baha quoted in The Chosen Highway by Lady Bloomfield)

Detailed descriptions of the Afterlife may be found in the books by Shaykh Ahmad-i-Asa'i and Siyyid Kazim Rashti, both in Arabic and in Farsi (Persian). Most Baha'is have heard of these two Seers, the "Heralds of the Faith" but only a small handful of Baha'is have read any of their books: which are still published in Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Kuwait (in Arabic only) and Iran (in Arabic and Farsi).

Most Baha'is would not consider the books or teachings of the two Seers "relevant for the Baha'i Faith today".

Baha'i Worship

Baha'i prayers are read from a Book of Prayers. There is no "Amen" but just a moment of silence at the end. Baha'is bow their heads during the reciting of prayer. Baha'i Prayers do not end "in the Name of Jesus Christ". They just "end". Baha'i Meetings begin with an Opening Prayer, but there is no Closing Prayer.

There are Baha'i "prostrating" prayers like Muslims do, but Baha'is outside of Iran and Muslim countries do not perform them (as of yet). Prostrating prayers (called "Salat") is optional for Baha'is and few, very few, Baha'is outside of Iran and Muslim countries perform Baha'i Salat.

Baha'i Salat (prostrating prayers) are not yet performed by Baha'is outside of Iran and other Muslim countries, but this may change. While Muslims face Mecca, Baha'is face the Holy Shrine of Baha'u'llah (His burial place near Akka, Israel)

Most Baha'i Communities (congregations) are small, about 9 or so adults and their children. Baha'is usually gather in a "study circle" and have "discussions" on some Baha'i Principle, or something in Baha'i history. These study circles are rather informal.

In larger Baha'i Congregations, there are Sunday Devotionals where Baha'is sit in pews, like in Christian churches. There are no ministers, no pastors, no bishops, but Baha'is do give "talks" on some Baha'i subject, usually a Baha'i Principle. There is the singing of one or more Baha'i hymns, and Opening Prayer (recited from a Book of Prayers), but no Closing Prayer. There is often a musical number on piano.

There are no Baha'i "churches" but most Communities (congregations) meet in each other's homes. Large Baha'i Communities (congregations) have "Baha'i Centers" which are either rented space, or built by the Baha'is. Most Baha'i Centers are lending libraries and small Baha'i bookstores which are only open certain hours and days.

The Baha'i Sabbath is Friday! However, because most of the world works on Friday, the Universal House of Justice does not "mandate" that Baha'is take Fridays off. In the World Order of Baha'u'llah, Friday will be the Sabbath Day. There are no strict rules for keeping Sabbath, and Baha'is may shop or watch TV or attend cinemas or sporting events on Sunday.

There is no Sacrament (Eucharist) in the Faith. Baha'is are invited to meet every 19 days for Feast, which is like a pot-luck.

There is no water baptism in the Baha'i Faith. A Seeker (investigator) becomes a Baha'i by reciting a signing a "Declaration Card". A person may "declare" themselves a Baha'i at age 15 (but no younger). Baha'i parents are not supposed to "pressure" their children into becoming Baha'is at age 15 (but some do).

Larger Baha'i Communities (congregations) have Sunday Schools for children up to age 15, but these are optional and many smaller Baha'i Communities do not have such meetings for children. Most Baha'i Communities (congregations) only have about 9 or so adult Baha'is in them, and they meet in each other's homes every 19 days for Feast.

Baha'is can be vegans, or vegetarians, but this is not required at all.

Baha'is may serve in the military, but serving in combat arms is discouraged. Baha'is are encouraged to belong to non-combat units such as medical, finance, transportation, etc. This is not always possible, but it is encouraged. Baha'is "may" be pacifists if they choose, but most Baha'is are not pacifists.

There are no Baha'i Temples, but larger Places of Congregation are called "Houses of Worship" where the Baha'i Holy Writings are recited in Arabic by skilled Reciters. These are places of meditation. There are no secret rites nor any "rites" in Baha'i Houses of Worship. Meditation while listening to the Holy Verses being recited by a Reciter (sounds similar to singing) is supposed to increase the spiritual "station" of one's soul. Some people report that they experience "Spiritual Ecstasy" while meditation during the Recital of the Holy Verses in Arabic in a Baha'i House of Worship, which are constructed with "domes" that cause the recited Verses to "vibrate" throughout the building. The reverberating Recited Verses can be likened to a form of hypnotism, and some have reported having visions while in a Baha'i House of Worship.

Baha'i House of Worship (New Delhi, India)

To date (2019) there are only a few Baha'i Houses of Worship in the world. One in the U.S. (north of Chicago), one in Australia, one in Uganda, one in Chile, one in India. There is a major Baha'i House of Worship planned for Haifa, Israel, on the top of Mount Carmel; to be built sometime in the future.

Baha'is are not required to attend a Baha'i House of Worship. However, they are required to visit the Baha'i Holy Shrines, the burial places of The Bab and Baha'u'llah, in Haifa and Akka Israel, at least one time in their life if they can afford it. Baha'is prayer facing the Holy Shrine of Baha'u'llah, in Akka, Israel, like Muslims prayer facing Mecca.

Baha'u'llah died in 1897, long before Israel became a State (1948). The Baha'is are not "agents of Israel" and the only reason the Baha'i Holy Shrines are in Israel, is because of events totally outside of the Baha'i Faith. The Baha'is are forbidden to get involved in Nationalist, Communist, or Racist organizations or movements.

The Báb; and Baha'u'llah were Persians (Iranians), and their native tongue was Farsi (Persian), but Arabic remains the "Sacred Language" of the Baha'i Faith.

Baha'is are encouraged to learn Esperanto as the Universal Second Language, but this is not mandatory.

Each Baha'i Community (congregation) is "overseen" by a council of nine elected men and women called the Local Spiritual Assembly (LSA). All LSAs in one country are "overseen" by a council of nine elected men and women called the National Spiritual Assembly. All NSAs are overseen by the elected council of nine men called "The Universal House of Justice" which seats at the Baha'i World Centre, on Mount Carmel, in Haifa, Israel.

There is no explanation as to "why" only men may be elected to The Universal House of Justice other than "That is the Will of God as revealed through His Manifestation on Earth" (i.e. Baha'u'llah). Many Baha'is "guess" but those are just "guesses". Baha'is trust Baha'u'llah to reveal the Will of God on all subjects He addressed in His Tablets (letters).

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